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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #13

Democracy is the highest form of political government, but on the cultural side it is exposed to grave weaknesses. Call the masses into power, and automatically you will find the national culture molded by their interests and tastes. They will expect, and plenty of people will be ready to supply, the kind of music and art and radio and films and reading which is to their taste, and there is at least a risk that standards will quickly decline to the second- and third-rate.

構造分析

①[Democracy] is [the highest form of political government], / but (on the cultural side) it is exposed / (to grave weaknesses). ②Call [the masses] / (into power), / and (automatically) / you will find [the national culture] [molded by their interests and tastes]. ③They will expect, (and plenty of people will be ready to supply), the kind of music and art and radio and films and reading which is to their taste, and there is at least a risk that standards will quickly decline to the second- and third-rate.

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #12

Most of the work that most people have to do is not in itself interesting, but even such work has certain great advantages. To begin with, it fills a good many hours of the day without the need of deciding what one shall do. Most people, when they are left free to fill their own time according to their own choice, are at a loss to think of anything sufficiently pleasant to be worth doing. And whatever they decide on, they are troubled by the feeling that something else would have been pleasanter.

構造分析

①[Most of the work (that most people have to do)] is (not) / (in itself) / interesting, but [(even) such work] has [certain great advantages]. ②(To begin with), [it] fills [a good many hours of the day] / (without the need of deciding what one shall do). ③Most people, (when they are left free / (to fill their own time) / (according to their own choice)), are / (at a loss) / (to think of anything (sufficiently) pleasant to be worth doing). ④And (whatever they decide on), they are troubled / (by the feeling (that something else would have been pleasanter)).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #11

Very, very early in my boyhood I had acquired the habit of going about alone to amuse myself in my own way, and it was only after years, when my age was about twelve, that my mother told me how anxious this singularity in me used to make her. She would miss me when looking out to see what the children were doing, and I would be called and searched for, to be found hidden away somewhere in the plantation.

構造分析

①(Very, very early in my boyhood) / I had acquired the habit of going (about) (alone) / (to amuse myself / (in my own way)), / and it was (only) / (after years), / (when my age was about twelve), / that my mother told [me] [how anxious this singularity in me used to make her]. ②She would miss me / (when looking out to see what the children were doing), / and I would be called and searched for, / (to be found hidden away somewhere in the plantation).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 番外編#1 「副詞」「複文(complex sentence)と重文(compound sentence)」「接続副詞」の解説

番外編では、『英文標準問題精講』初期10日間の#1〜10までに登場した文法のうち、高校の授業や塾などでは、あまり詳しく解説されることのない文法について、まとめて解説をしていきます。

今回は、その中から、「副詞」「重文と複文」「接続副詞」について詳しく解説していきます。

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #9

Our species is the only creative species, and it has only one creative instrument, the individual mind and spirit of a man. Nothing was ever created by two men. There are no good collaborations, whether in music, in art, in poetry, in mathematics, in philosophy. Once the miracle of creation has taken place, the group can build and extend it, but the group never invents anything. The preciousness lies in the lonely mind of a man.

構造分析

①[Our species] is [the only creative species], / and it has [only one creative instrument], ([the individual mind] and [spirit of a man]). ②[Nothing] was (ever) [created] / (by two men). ③There are [no good collaborations], (whether (in music), (in art), (in poetry), (in mathematics), (in philosophy). ④(Once the miracle of creation has taken place), the group can build and extend it, / but the group never invents anything. ⑤The preciousness lies / (in the lonely mind of a man).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #8

Questions of education are frequently discussed as if they bore no relation to the social system in which and for which the education is carried on. This is one of the commonest reasons for the unsatisfactoriness of the answers. It is only within a particular social system that a system of education has any meaning.

構造分析

①[Questions of education] are [(frequently) discussed] / (as if they bore no relation / (to the social system / (in which and for which [the education is carried on]))). ②[This] is [one of the commonest reasons] / (for the unsatisfactoriness of the answers). ③It is / (only) (within a particular social system) [that a system of education has any meaning].

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #7

At present, in the most civilized countries, freedom of speech is taken as a matter of course and seems a perfectly simple thing. We are so accustomed to it that we look on it as a natural right. But this right has been acquired only in quite recent times, and the way to its attainment has lain through lakes of blood. It has taken centuries to persuade the most enlightened peoples that liberty to publish one’s opinions and to discuss all questions is a good and not a bad thing.

構造分析

①(At present), (in the most civilized countries), [freedom of speech] is [taken] / (as a matter of course) / and seems [a (perfectly) simple thing]. ②We are [(so) accustomed] / (to it) / that we look on it / (as a natural right). ③But / [this right] has been [acquired] ((only) in (quite) recent times), and [the way to its attainment] has lain / (through lakes of blood). ④It has taken [centuries] / (to persuade [the most enlightened peoples] [that [liberty] (to publish one’s opinions) and (to discuss all questions) is a good and not a bad thing].

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #6

To think of the future in relation to the present is essential to civilization. The commonest workman in a civilized country does this. Instead of spending all the money he earns as fast as he earns it, he will, if an intelligent man, save a large part of it as a provision against future want.

構造分析

①[To think of the future / (in relation to the present)] is essential / (to civilization). ②[The commonest workman in a civilized country] does [this]. ③(Instead of [spending all the money he earns as fast / (as he earns it)]), he will, (if an intelligent man), save a large part of it / (as a provision against future want).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #5

Moving homeward by a new way, I presently found myself on the side of a little valley. The apple trees were in full bloom, and, as I stood gazing, the sun burst forth gloriously. For what I then saw, I have no words; I can but dream of the still loveliness of the bloomed valley.

構造分析

①(Moving (homeward) / (by a new way)), I (presently) found myself / (on the side of a little valley). ②The apple trees were / (in full bloom), and, (as I stood gazing), the sun burst (forth) (gloriously). ③(For what I (then) saw), I have no words; I can but dream of [[the still loveliness] of [the bloomed valley]].

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