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不定詞

『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #7

At present, in the most civilized countries, freedom of speech is taken as a matter of course and seems a perfectly simple thing. We are so accustomed to it that we look on it as a natural right. But this right has been acquired only in quite recent times, and the way to its attainment has lain through lakes of blood. It has taken centuries to persuade the most enlightened peoples that liberty to publish one’s opinions and to discuss all questions is a good and not a bad thing.

構造分析

①(At present), (in the most civilized countries), [freedom of speech] is [taken] / (as a matter of course) / and seems [a (perfectly) simple thing]. ②We are [(so) accustomed] / (to it) / that we look on it / (as a natural right). ③But / [this right] has been [acquired] ((only) in (quite) recent times), and [the way to its attainment] has lain / (through lakes of blood). ④It has taken [centuries] / (to persuade [the most enlightened peoples] [that [liberty] (to publish one’s opinions) and (to discuss all questions) is a good and not a bad thing].

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #6

To think of the future in relation to the present is essential to civilization. The commonest workman in a civilized country does this. Instead of spending all the money he earns as fast as he earns it, he will, if an intelligent man, save a large part of it as a provision against future want.

構造分析

①[To think of the future / (in relation to the present)] is essential / (to civilization). ②[The commonest workman in a civilized country] does [this]. ③(Instead of [spending all the money he earns as fast / (as he earns it)]), he will, (if an intelligent man), save a large part of it / (as a provision against future want).

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