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重文

『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 番外編#1 「副詞」「複文(complex sentence)と重文(compound sentence)」「接続副詞」の解説

番外編では、『英文標準問題精講』初期10日間の#1〜10までに登場した文法のうち、高校の授業や塾などでは、あまり詳しく解説されることのない文法について、まとめて解説をしていきます。

今回は、その中から、「副詞」「重文と複文」「接続副詞」について詳しく解説していきます。

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #9

Our species is the only creative species, and it has only one creative instrument, the individual mind and spirit of a man. Nothing was ever created by two men. There are no good collaborations, whether in music, in art, in poetry, in mathematics, in philosophy. Once the miracle of creation has taken place, the group can build and extend it, but the group never invents anything. The preciousness lies in the lonely mind of a man.

構造分析

①[Our species] is [the only creative species], / and it has [only one creative instrument], ([the individual mind] and [spirit of a man]). ②[Nothing] was (ever) [created] / (by two men). ③There are [no good collaborations], (whether (in music), (in art), (in poetry), (in mathematics), (in philosophy). ④(Once the miracle of creation has taken place), the group can build and extend it, / but the group never invents anything. ⑤The preciousness lies / (in the lonely mind of a man).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #3

In order to master the English language thoroughly and, consequently, to be able to really appreciate English literature, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of the Englishman’s character. It is hardly sufficient to know his manner of life without seeking to find out why he thinks and acts in the way he does.

構造分析

①(In order to master [the English language] (thoroughly), and (consequently), (to be able to (really) appreciate [English literature]), it is necessary [to have a clear understanding of the Englishman’s character]. ②It is (hardly) sufficient [to know his manner of life] / (without seeking to find out [why he thinks and acts in the way he does]).

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『英文標準問題精講』を極めよう! 初期10日間 解説 #2

To arrange your books on the shelves properly is a difficult task. If you arrange them according to their contents you are sure to get an untidy shelf. If you arrange them according to their size and colour you get an attractive shelf, but you may lose sight of the books which you want.

構造分析

①[To arrange [your books on the shelves] (properly)] is [a difficult task]. ②(If you arrange them / (according to their contents)) / you are sure / (to get an untidy shelf). ③(If you arrange them / (according to their size and colour)) / you get [an attractive shelf], but you may lose [sight of the books / which you want].

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